5 remedies for abdominal pain recommended by experts (2023)

Abdominal pain or abdominal pain (often also referred to as abdominal pain or abdominal pain) is a common ailment that affects almost everyone at least once in their lives. In fact, abdominal pain can affect people of all ages, genders and social backgrounds. Fortunately, most causes of short-term abdominal pain are not serious and can be easily treated at home. Moreover, there are many available remedies that a person can try when looking for relief from abdominal pain.

Discover below the most common causes of abdominal pain, as well as treatments a person can try at home to ease the discomfort and when it is advisable to seek medical attention.

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What is abdominal pain?

What is often referred to as abdominal pain can be felt anywhere in the abdominal area and can be defined as discomfort between the lower ribs and the upper pelvis, according to Dr. Jeffrey H. Garelick, a gastroenterology specialist in West Palm Beach, Florida. The range of symptoms accompanying stomach or abdominal pain is huge. For example, it may be localized and constant, and the feeling of relief is felt only when the person is lying still, and it may feel like an intermittent dull ache that is uncomfortable but manageable for others.

The most common causes of abdominal pain

Common causes of stomach or abdominal pain that are not serious enough to require treatment or hospitalization includediarrheafood-related diseases andheartburn, according to Dr. Garelick.Flatulenceconstipation, painful periods, irritable bowel syndrome, indigestion, food poisoning, gastroenteritis and food intolerances such asLactose intoleranceare also common causes of stomach pain, adds Dr. Shilpa Ravella, a gastroenterologist, assistant professor of medicine at Columbia University Medical Center and author of A Silent Fire: The Story of Inflammation, Diet, and Disease. Conditions outside the digestive tract can also manifest as abdominal pain, including heart disease, lung disease, and kidney disease.

"More serious problems include gastritis, ulcers, gallbladder disease, bowel problems, gynecological problems in women, cancer and diverticulitis," says Dr. Garelick. Appendicitis and intestinal obstruction are also serious causes of abdominal pain that require immediate medical attention.

Top 5 remedies for abdominal pain, according to experts

Depending on the cause of abdominal pain, some home remedies can provide effective relief and even help prevent its onset. It's best to consult your health care professional if you have frequent abdominal pain, and always check with them before trying a new diet or supplement.


For less serious stomach problems, such as acid reflux, Dr. Garelick recommends antacids in topical and tablet form. "Topical antacids like Tums absorb the acid [while] Pepcid and Prilosec prevent the acid from being released into the stomach," she explains. "[Antacids like Pepcid and Prilosec] last longer than topical solutions."

In addition, topical antacids such as Pepto Bismol, which contain bismuth subsalicylate, have antibacterial and antispasmodic effects to soothe the intestines. Bismuth subsalicylate also works by preventing fluids and electrolytes from entering the intestine and reducing inflammation in the intestines.

However, if abdominal pain persists despite the use of antacids, it is important to consult a doctor.


Probioticsthey are a treatment option that works over time, not instantly. “Probiotics improve the balance of [good bacteria] in the body so it produces less gas,” explains Dr. Garelick. If someone's abdominal pain is due to gas, indigestion, or diarrhea, long-term use of probiotics can help prevent it.

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While science still doesn't know the exact mechanism by which probiotics can help with abdominal pain, there are clear benefits to consuming them, especially after completing a course of antibiotics or overcoming certain gastrointestinal infections.

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Maintaining hydrationcan help relieve abdominal pain, especially when the cause is indigestion or diarrhea. Dr. Ravella recommends drinking water or an oral rehydration solution of water, sugar and salt, which is even stronger. "Hydration helps with indigestion and counteracts the fluid loss that occurs with diarrhea," she says.

Hydration helps in the digestion of food and the body's absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract. Drinking water helps dissolve nutrients for absorption into the bloodstream. The digestive process slows down when a person is not properly hydrated, which can lead to constipation, abdominal cramping, and associated abdominal pain.


A centuries-old remedy for digestive discomfort, ginger can help reduce intestinal spasms and fight inflammation, says Dr. Ravella, who recommends using ginger to relieve nausea and painful periods.

Ginger has proven anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer properties, according to a systematic review of clinical trials inThe science of food and nutrition. It also has a carminative effect, which means it can help relieve pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter, reduce intestinal spasms, and prevent indigestion (indigestion), bloating, and bloating[1]Nikkhah Bodagh M, Maleki I, Hekmatdoost A.Ginger in gastrointestinal disorders: a systematic review of clinical trials. Science Food Nutr. 2019;7(1):96-108..

Changes in diet

Dietary changes and avoidance of certain foods can also help relieve and prevent abdominal pain. Different foods can cause indigestion and discomfort, and triggers can vary from person to person, but some are known to cause indigestion more than others, including coffee, alcohol, citrus fruits, high-fat meals, carbohydrates, sodas, and non-alcoholic beverages and some vegetables such as onions and peppers.

Dr. Ravella recommends limiting the consumption of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAPy), specific short-chain carbohydrates (sugars) that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine. FODMAPs are found in a variety of foods, including wheat, dairy, some fruits and vegetables, and sweeteners, and have significant potential for causing gastrointestinal upset.

"FODMAPs may contribute to symptoms in people with gastrointestinal disorders such as bloating and irritable bowel syndrome," says Dr. Ravella. "Due to their poor absorption and small size, FODMAPs are osmotically active and increase the water content in the intestines." Moreover, these carbohydrates are quickly fermented by intestinal bacteria, increasing gas production. "Increased water content in the intestines and gas production lead to intestinal distension, which translates into adverse gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain, bloating and changes in motility" - adds Dr. Ravella.

However, many healthy foods contain FODMAPs, and not all of them can impair a person's unique digestive system. That's why it's important to work with a GI-trained dietitian to find foods that aggravate symptoms and keep other healthy foods in your diet.

Dr. Ravella also recommends a low-residue diet to help manage food-related abdominal pain. This diet is low in fiber - especially insoluble fiber - and restricts high-fat foods. "When you have gut issues, fiber and fat can be harder for your digestive tract to process," she says.

According to Dr. Ravelli, the purpose of this diet is to allow the digestive tract to rest and reduce gastrointestinal symptoms. A low-residue diet can be used for people with gastrointestinal problems, including those recovering from food poisoning and gastroenteritis. “The foods I recommend for people on a low-residue diet are also low in FODMAPs,” she adds.

Low FODMAP diets are considered a temporary measure as they can lead to nutrient deficiencies over time. Typically, foods containing FODMAPs should be reintroduced slowly over time under the supervision of a healthcare professional.

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When to see a doctor

Dr. Garelick says that for mild problems that last more than a few days, it's best to see a doctor. If the pain is sudden or severe, seek help immediately.

"This kind of pain should never be ignored and medical attention should be sought immediately," says Dr. Ravevlla. Underlying causes can include serious problems such as appendicitis, heart disease, intestinal obstruction, gallstones, kidney stones, perforated ulcers and ruptured abdominal aneurysms, it adds.

(Video) The REAL Cause of Abdominal Pain and Bloating - Dr. Berg


What is the best remedy for abdominal pain? ›

Be guided by your doctor, but there are some things you can do to help ease the pain, including:
  1. Place a hot water bottle or heated wheat bag on your abdomen.
  2. Soak in a warm bath. ...
  3. Drink plenty of clear fluids such as water.
  4. Reduce your intake of coffee, tea and alcohol as these can make the pain worse.

What is the do's and don'ts of abdominal pain? ›

If your stomach is upset, eat mild foods, such as rice, dry toast or crackers, bananas, and applesauce. Try eating several small meals instead of two or three large ones. Wait until 48 hours after all symptoms have gone away before you have spicy foods, alcohol, and drinks that contain caffeine.

How do hospitals treat abdominal pain? ›

You may be offered medication to help treat inflammation, acid reflux, ulcers, or infection. If they are concerned about dehydration from vomiting or diarrhea, they may start you on IV fluids. For more severe conditions involving the internal organs, surgery may be needed.

What triggers abdominal pain? ›

Less serious causes of abdominal pain include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, lactose intolerance, food poisoning, and a stomach virus. Other, more serious, causes include appendicitis, an abdominal aortic aneurysm, a bowel blockage, cancer, and gastroesophageal reflux.

Is Honey good for stomach pain? ›

Evidence suggests honey might help relieve gastrointestinal tract conditions such as diarrhea associated with gastroenteritis. Honey might also be effective as part of oral rehydration therapy.

Do heating pads help abdominal pain? ›

Another simple remedy for stomach pain is using a heating pad. Keep it on your stomach for 15 to 20 minutes. The warmth can relax the muscles in your gut and facilitate the movement of gas through your intestines, thereby relieving the discomfort.

How do I know if my stomach pain is serious? ›

Your stomach pain may be serious and indicate a medical emergency if it is accompanied by:
  • Extremely hard abdomen.
  • Abdominal tenderness when touched.
  • Coughing up or vomiting blood.
  • Vomiting that won't stop.
  • Bloody diarrhea.
  • Chest pain or pressure.
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Dizziness.
Nov 7, 2022

How do you get rid of a bacterial infection in your stomach naturally? ›

5 Home Remedies for Stomach Infection
  1. Drink plenty of fluids. People lose vital body fluids in the form of sweat, diarrhoea and vomit while facing infections inside the stomach. ...
  2. Going ahead with the Brat (Fasting) diet. ...
  3. Using acupressure to reduce nausea. ...
  4. Give enough rest to the body. ...
  5. Utilising organic items.
Oct 13, 2022

What food makes abdominal pain worse? ›

Some people with chronic stomach discomfort are more sensitive to certain foods like dairy, spicy foods, soda, fried foods or alcohol. These foods can relax the muscle that keeps food from traveling backward, increase stomach acid production or keep the stomach full for too long.

Why is my abdomen hurting so bad? ›

Whether you've got a mild ache or serious cramps, abdominal pain can have many causes. For instance, you might have indigestion, constipation, a stomach virus, or menstrual cramps. Other causes include: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

When should I go to the ER for abdominal pain? ›

If the pain is sudden, severe or does not ease within 30 minutes, seek emergency medical care. Sudden abdominal pain is often an indicator of serious intra-abdominal disease, such as a perforated ulcer or a ruptured abdominal aneurysm, although it could also result from a benign disease, such as gallstones.

What are the red flags for abdominal pain? ›

Concomitant symptoms such as heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, jaundice, melena, hematuria, hematemesis, weight loss, and mucus or blood in the stool help direct subsequent evaluation.

How long does it take for abdominal pain to heal? ›

Harmless abdominal pain usually subsides or goes away within two hours. Some of the common causes for stomach pain are from: Gas: Formed in the stomach and intestines as your body breaks down food, gas can cause general stomach pain and cramps. This often can be indicated by belching or flatulence.

What is the most common abdominal emergency? ›

Appendicitis. Appendicitis is the most common abdominal surgical emergency in the general population and the third most common indication for abdominal surgery in the elderly patient [31],[32].

What are the three major types of abdominal pain? ›

There are four types of abdominal pain: upper, lower, right-sided and left-sided. Each type has specific symptoms and causes, and all are briefly discussed below (for detailed discussion).

What kind of infection causes lower abdominal pain? ›

Inflammation in your appendix (appendicitis) is a common cause of lower abdominal pain. An inflamed appendix can also burst, spreading infection to your peritoneum (peritonitis). You may also have lower abdominal pain on one side if you have a condition affecting one ovary or one kidney.

Is banana good for stomach ache? ›

Bananas are easy to digest and are known to ease stomach pain. They have a natural antacid effect and can relieve symptoms such as indigestion. This high potassium fruit also increases mucus production in the stomach which helps prevent the irritation of the stomach lining.

Is peanut butter good for an upset stomach? ›

Nuts. A lack of protein can make nausea feel even worse, so look to protein-packed foods, such as nuts — even peanut butter, as long as you're not allergic — that are easy to digest. They'll quickly replenish your depleted energy and help keep your nausea at bay.

Does putting pressure on stomach relieves pain? ›

The spasm of the abdominal muscles decreases during inspiration, which is not the case if the cause of pain is located in the abdomen. If pressure is applied over the painful area on the abdomen, the pain does not worsen, and may sometimes actually be relieved.

How do I release gas from my stomach? ›

20 ways to get rid of gas pain fast
  1. Let it out. Holding in gas can cause bloating, discomfort, and pain. ...
  2. Pass stool. A bowel movement can relieve gas. ...
  3. Eat slowly. ...
  4. Avoid chewing gum. ...
  5. Say no to straws. ...
  6. Quit smoking. ...
  7. Choose non-carbonated drinks. ...
  8. Eliminate problematic foods.

How to take apple cider vinegar for stomach pain? ›

Another proven method: Apple cider vinegar. Yes, we know this stuff doesn't taste great, but apple cider vinegar can neutralize an upset stomach. If you hate how it tastes, mix a tablespoon with a cup of water and a teaspoon of honey, and sip it slowly. Also, don't forget about: OTC medications.

What is abdominal pain that comes and goes? ›

Peptic ulcers, such as stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, can cause dull abdominal pain that comes and goes. The condition may develop a few hours after eating or during the night. Taking antacids or eating some food may relieve it.

What virus causes severe stomach pain? ›

Norovirus causes inflammation of the stomach or intestines. This is called acute gastroenteritis. A person usually develops symptoms 12 to 48 hours after being exposed to norovirus. Most people with norovirus illness get better within 1 to 3 days.

What kind of doctor do you see for stomach pain? ›

A gastroenterologist is a specialist with expertise in the disorders and diseases that affect the digestive system — which includes the gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus) as well as the pancreas, liver, bile ducts and gallbladder.

What are 3 symptoms of intestinal infection? ›

Some common symptoms of bowel infection include:
  • diarrhoea.
  • nausea.
  • vomiting.
  • crampy abdominal pain.
  • fever.
  • headache.

What kills bad bacteria in the stomach? ›

We have also seen how hydrochloric acid in the stomach aids the breakdown of food and helps to kill undesirable bacteria entering the stomach.

What kills infection in the stomach? ›

Antibiotics to kill the bacteria in your body, such as amoxicillin, clarithromycin (Biaxin), metronidazole (Flagyl), tetracycline (Sumycin), or tinidazole (Tindamax). You'll most likely take at least two from this group. Drugs that reduce the amount of acid in your stomach by blocking the tiny pumps that produce it.

Should I eat if I have abdominal pain? ›

When you're dealing with an upset stomach, it's best to avoid foods and drinks that are difficult to digest and those that may worsen symptoms like diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and stomach pain.

Are eggs good for abdominal pain? ›

Scrambled eggs are a common go-to for those suffering from an upset stomach for a reason. They are light while being consumed and gentle on the stomach during digestion. Be sure not to over-season scrambled eggs if you are experiencing stomach issues, this will only further exacerbate the issue.

What is chronic abdominal pain? ›

Chronic abdominal pain is pain that is present for more than three months. It may be present all the time, or it may come and go (referred to as “recurrent pain”). Causes include: Lactose intolerance. Constipation.

What do doctors do if you have abdominal pain? ›

Depending on the cause of your abdominal pain, your doctor may prescribe medication such as antacids, acetaminophen or other over-the-counter medicines. Stay away from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) because they can irritate the stomach. Some conditions also may benefit from prescription medication.

When should you not ignore abdominal pain? ›

Abdominal pain can be serious, but most abdominal pain gets better on its own without needing any special treatment. Don't ignore abdominal pain — see your doctor if your symptoms are severe, get worse over time, keep coming back, or are ongoing.

What is the most common severe abdominal pain? ›

Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain are appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, diverticulitis, and small bowel obstruction.

How do you tell if your abdomen is inflamed? ›

  1. Gnawing or burning ache or pain (indigestion) in your upper abdomen that may become either worse or better with eating.
  2. Nausea.
  3. Vomiting.
  4. A feeling of fullness in your upper abdomen after eating.
Mar 15, 2022

What are the 5 F's of abdominal pain? ›

Healthcare providers diagnose a distended abdomen in terms of the “five 'f's”: flatus (gas), fetus (pregnancy), feces (trapped poop), fluid (from several causes) or fat. A distended abdomen may be very uncomfortable, or it may simply be a symptom that you and your healthcare provider observe visually.

What are the 10 red flag symptoms? ›

What are the Top 'Red Flags' or Warning Signs?
  • Chest Pain:
  • Loss of Consciousness:
  • Shortness of Breath:
  • Unusual Bleeding:
  • Unexplained Weight Loss:
  • Thunderclap Headache:
  • High or Persistent Fever:
  • Symptoms of Stroke:
May 5, 2017

What is the best over the counter medicine for stomach pain? ›

For cramping from diarrhea, medicines that have loperamide (Imodium) or bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate or Pepto-Bismol) might make you feel better. For other types of pain, acetaminophen (Aspirin Free Anacin, Liquiprin, Panadol, Tylenol) might be helpful.

Can abdominal pain go away on its own? ›

Sometimes you may be able to wait it out and it will go away on its own. Some causes, such as an upset stomach, can be managed at home. But if you are experiencing pain that does not go away, or you're having other symptoms like a high fever, nausea or vomiting, you should see a medical professional.

How long does abdominal inflammation last? ›

In most cases, it resolves spontaneously within a few days or weeks once the inflammation has settled. In other cases, however, acute gastritis can lead to recurrent or long-term inflammation of the gastric mucosa, otherwise known as chronic gastritis.

What is the 9 code for abdominal pain? ›

ICD-9 code 789.0 for Abdominal pain is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -SYMPTOMS (780-789).

What are the red flags of bowel obstruction? ›

The cardinal signs of mechanical bowel obstruction are abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, abdominal distention, and decreased bowel sounds, regardless of the underlying etiology.

What is a high abdominal pressure? ›

Normal intra-abdominal pressure ranges between 0 and 5 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). In critically ill people, the range is between 5 and 7 mmHg. High intra-abdominal pressure may be defined as: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), in which pressure is 12 to 20 mmHg.

How long does abdominal pain take to go away? ›

Harmless abdominal pain usually subsides or goes away within two hours. Some of the common causes for stomach pain are from: Gas: Formed in the stomach and intestines as your body breaks down food, gas can cause general stomach pain and cramps. This often can be indicated by belching or flatulence.

How long should you have abdominal pain before seeing a doctor? ›

Schedule a doctor's visit

Make an appointment with your doctor if your abdominal pain worries you or lasts more than a few days. In the meantime, find ways to ease your pain. For instance, eat smaller meals if your pain is accompanied by indigestion.

Where is abdominal pain located? ›

Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly.

What does severe trapped gas feel like? ›

Pain, cramps or a knotted feeling in your abdomen. A feeling of fullness or pressure in your abdomen (bloating) An observable increase in the size of your abdomen (distention)

What are the pressure points to relieve gas? ›

Point location: Roughly 4 inches above the navel. To massage this point: Place two to three fingers on the zhongwan point. Apply gentle pressure in a circular motion, making sure not to press too hard.


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3. Abdominal pain in Children | Reasons and remedies | When to worry?
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4. Home Remedy For Stomach Pain | Simple and powerful Remedies For Stomach Pain Relief | stomach pain
5. Abdominal Pain, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.
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6. Different type of stomach pain | Stomach pain medicine


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